Category: International organisations, Emission inventories

2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines

Justin Goodwin, Director at Aether, worked as part of a multi-national team on the 2019 Refinement of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

The aim of the 2019 Refinement is to deliver a scientifically up-to-date foundation for supporting the preparation and ongoing improvement of national greenhouse gas inventories, used in conjunction with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines.

Under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement, countries (Parties) are obliged to regularly submit national inventory reports of emissions from anthropogenic sources and carbon removals to environmental stores (sinks) of greenhouse gases. To ensure the quality of data reporting, all Parties to the UNFCCC must follow the IPCC Guidelines. The latest version of the Guidelines will include the 2019 Refinement which elaborates on, updates and fill certain gaps in the guidance provided by the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. This helps Parties in fulfilling the terms of the Paris Agreement transparency reporting.

The challenge

A universal revision of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines was deemed to be unnecessary by the 26th Meeting of Task Force Bureau (TFB), held in Ottawa in 2014. That meeting ultimately concluded that the 2006 IPCC Guidelines provide a strong methodological framework for compiling national greenhouse gas inventories. However, to ensure the scientific integrity of the guidelines, it was emphasised that specific refinements were required as a result of technical progress since 2006.

Therefore the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) formulated a technical assessment of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines, revealing an abundance of new empirical and scientific knowledge published since 2006. In particular, this assessment called for scientific progress to be considered in respect to data for emission factor development for certain gases and categories.

Another aim was to improve guidance on national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory arrangements and the use of inventory management tools. The 2019 Refinement therefore also supports countries in compiling complete, reliable national inventories of GHGs, regardless of their available resources and experience.

The solution

The 2019 Refinement involved the fine-tuning of chapters from the 2006 IPCC Guidelines, alongside new sections aimed at addressing gaps in the 2006 IPCC guidelines. The new sections (Volume 1 Sections 1.4 and 1.6), on national inventory arrangements and the use of inventory management tools were designed and led by Aether’s Justin Goodwin.

These sections provide guidance on the establishment of GHG inventory arrangements that support the ongoing updating and maintenance of national GHG inventories to ensure high quality in emissions reporting. Improving the quality of national GHG inventories on a continuous basis involves achieving transparency, accuracy, completeness, comparability and consistency (TACCC), and this requires systems to manage data gathering, analysis and reporting, alongside well-functioning teams of experts.

The guidance included details of workplans, data management systems and capacity building procedures. Workplans clarify the schedule of each step required in the generation of GHG inventory outputs, accelerating the compilation of inventories. Data management systems range from collections of spreadsheets to more advanced database tools for data aggregation and QA/QC support. Advice on the use of data management systems and national inventory arrangements will be of great use for Parties in the coming years, to ensure a high quality of inventory reporting no matter the extent of resources available to each country.

The new guidance also notes that under the Paris Agreement enhanced transparency framework, the national GHG inventories may benefit from being managed alongside other environmental data collection services. These include National Statistical Systems, air pollution inventories and subnational GHG inventory compilation. Such linkages will be greatly beneficial in pooling resources and expertise, especially when directed and overseen by a “single national entity”, the lead organisation with the responsibility for collating and reporting official national GHG estimates.

The result

This project delivered the new guidance needed to improve and refine the guidelines for compiling national greenhouse gas inventories. While it is yet to be seen whether the 2019 Refinement sparks a tangible improvement in national GHG emissions reporting, the call for improvements to GHG inventory training and education marks a positive step forward in encouraging countries to compile the most reliable emissions inventories possible.

See all case studies

Justin Goodwin

Director

Related case studies

Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives

Category: International organisations, Policies and measures

A report written for the European Environment Agency that used an extensive literature review to analyse and synthesis the environmental impacts of electric vehicles though life cycle and circular economy perspectives.

Read case study

Developing a comprehensive approach to nitrogen in the UK

Category: International organisations, Policies and measures

Aether, alongside project partners the Stockholm Environment Institute, the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, and Plantlife International, undertook a study for WWF of the nitrogen cycles and pathways in the UK and reviewed existing strategies and policies that could affect the balance of nitrogen in the environment.

Read case study

EU Forest Reference Levels

Category: International organisations, LULUCF

Aether provided support to the European Commission and the LULUCF Expert Group in the technical assessment of EU Member State's National Forestry Accounting Plans.

Read case study

News

Latest news

Posted on: 13 June 2022

Welsh Public Sector Net Zero: Data and Recommendations

Aether's report summarises the Welsh public sector's carbon emissions and identifies priority areas for action to reach the 2030 net zero target.

Read full story

Posted on: 18 May 2022

Mauritius NDC Registry Platform

Aether is working with Mauritius to develop a Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Registry Portal.

Read full story

Posted on: 25 April 2022

Recent air quality assessments by Aether

Aether's air quality assessment work continues to grow.

Read full story

Posted on: 11 April 2022

Waste sector inclusion in the revised NDC of Pakistan

Melanie Hobson co-authored a briefing note on including the waste sector in Pakistan’s revised Nationally Determined Contribution.

Read full story

Testimonial

Don't just take our word for it...

“The support provided by Aether for this project was especially remarkable considering the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic. The tools and methods used in order to engage local stakeholders really added value to the capacity building of the national team.”

Shanna Emmanuel, Saint Lucia BUR Project Coordinator

“If we have a need for any more reports in the future Aether will be first on my list.”

Alan Hardy, Kyson Design

“A heartfelt thank you to all the Aether team for this very comprehensive review – this is certainly turning out to be one of the most beneficial capacity building projects I have ever been involved in.”

Saviour Vassallo, Senior Environment Protection Officer, Malta Resources Authority

“Engaging Aether to support us to develop the first GHG Inventory System and first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for the United Republic of Tanzania has been a rewarding experience due to their high level of professionalism, creativity, timeliness and value for money. We will definitely consider Aether in our future initiatives.”

Abbas Kitogo, Programme Specialist Energy and Climate Change, UNDP Tanzania

“Aether is a great partner for work in the area of European Air Emissions. The team was committed, reliable, well organised and had a deep technical understanding and motivated other partners with their good spirit.”

Umweltbundesamt: Environment Agency Austria

“Aether was a great asset in involving/engaging with Member States experts on highly technical subjects regarding GHG reporting. Very clear communication of issues and results.”

Andreas Pilzecker, DG CLIMA

“The team at Aether works very professionally and communicates very well which makes working with them a pleasure. Outputs are delivered on time to high quality. The team brings the rigour of technical knowledge and expertise and finds innovative ways of communicating complex messages. I would be happy to recommend the Aether team to organisations working on analysing and presenting emissions information in the public domain.”

Fiona Glover, States of Jersey

“Both the face-to-face training and the online version have been of high quality, with dynamic methods and a practical orientation that have allowed students to reach a solid knowledge base. The products have been delivered within the stipulated deadlines with an excellent quality and the team has always shown willingness to make adjustments according to the requirements of CONAF. We are very satisfied with the work. ”

Javier Cano Martín, Professional Unit for Climate Change and Environmental Services, CONAF (National Forestry Corporation), Chile

“I must congratulate each of you for your professional and tireless efforts. Let me point out that this has been the 'neatest' in-country review expert review team I have coordinated, and it has been a real pleasure.”

UNFCCC Secretariat

“Professional team and very collaborative communication. Effective result in terms of suggestions for improvement in the quality of the inventory and proposals on how to streamline specific topics.”

Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research

Required form 'ContactES' does not exist.